Radiology
 

Interventional Radiology

  • Biopsy
  • Port-A-Cath (Chemoport)
  • Drainage of Plural Effusion
  • Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage ( PTBD)
  • Ureteric Stenting
  • Nephrostomy
  • Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC)
  • Abdominal Paracentesis
  • Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE)
  • Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)

CT Scan

Our Computed Tomography (CT) is a 40 multislice scanner which allows us to do Radiotherapy planning and other radiological diagnostic imaging investigations.

 

What is Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan?

CT is a type of imaging that uses x-rays and a computer to construct pictures (images) of the tissues in your body. Images of your body tissues are taken in a very small slices or spirals of information over a short period of time.

What does this examination entail?

CT scan is painless. You will lie on the firm table that moves inside the doughnut-shaped CT scanner. The table will move into the open center of the doughnut as the x-rays are being taken. In order to obtain the best images possible, you will be asked to lie very still during the scanning and you may have to hold your breath for a brief period.

How long will the examination take?

Most CT scans take about 20 minutes.

Are there any risks to having a CT Scan?

A CT scan is a very low risk procedure but there are some things that you would need to let your doctors know or X-ray staff before having a CT scan:

  • If you might be pregnant
  • If you are allergic to iodine
  • If you are diabetic
  • If you have high blood pressure
  • If you have kidney disease or have only one kidney
  • If you have congestive heart failure
  • If you have had any problem with examinations with contrast or other contrast exams in the past
  • If you are currently undergoing chemotherapy or have had recently received chemotherapy recently

What is the type of contrast?

Oral Contrast:

Most patients having abdominal or pelvic CT scans will be asked to drink contrast media prior to scanning. This will “coat” the stomach and intestines to highlight them during scanning. Most patients may have some side effects from drinking the oral contrast. If the contrast media is white you may note white flecks in your stool for a day or two after scan.

Intravenous (IV) Contrast:

Depending on your symptoms and the part of the body to be scanned, an intravenous injection of the contrast will be administered. It is advisable that you fast a few hours before the exam. The contrast may cause you to have a slight nauseous sensation but this is only transient.

The contrast will be exerted via your kidneys. It is advisable to drink plenty of fluids after the examination.

Rectal Contrast:

This contrast is given rectally in order to highlight the rectum and lower portion of the large intestine. It is similar to an enema but with minimal discomfort.

*Please Note: You may receive more than one type of contrast.

Mammography

Mammogram Screening is now available in our hospital.Every woman aged 40 and above would be advised to get a mammogram screening done every year. Mammogram Screening detects early breast cancer.

We are the mammogram panel for LPPKN and PERKESO.

What is a mammogram?

Mammogram is a specific type of imaging that uses a low dose x-ray system to examine breasts. It has the ability to detect groups or clusters of tiny specs of calcification and small densities or shadows on the breast. These findings will then raise the suspicions of an early breast cancer.

Why is it important to have a mammography examination?

Mammography is used to screen for problems in women with no symptoms. A mammogram can show changes too small to feel. It can help to diagnose a lump or other changes found during a breast examination.

What is the procedure like?

Examination uses x-rays of the breast, usually taken from two angles. For the 1st view, a beam is sent from above to a film holder placed under the breast, the 2nd is taken from the side toward the center. In order to achieve a distinctive image, gentle pressure is applied to the breast by a special device that flattens it. Although this may sound painful, it is only slightly uncomfortable and the discomfort is only for a few seconds.

 

Who should have a mammogram?

Women above 40
  • Women 40 - 49 should have mammogram done every 1 - 2 years
  • Women above 50 should have it done every year
Women with any of the following risk factors, may be at increased risk for developing breast cancer
  • Certain genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) passed on from your parents
  • Breast cancer in the family, especially mother, daughter, or sister
  • Personal history of cancer of the breast, endometrium, ovary or colon
  • No term pregnancies or pregnancy later in life (aged 35 years or older)
  • Early menstruation (younger than age 12 years) or late menopause (aged 55 years or older)
  • Never breastfed a child
  • Postmenopausal obesity
  • Lack of exercise
  • Dietary factors - high intake of red meat, saturated fat or alcohol
  • Recent hormone therapy or recent use of birth control pills
Women with any of these signs
  • Unexplained lump or thickening in the breast or in the armpit
  • Puckers or dimples in the skin of the breast
  • Discharge or bleeding that comes from the nipple
  • A recent change in the nipple, such as a retracted nipple (a nipple that has pulled inward)
  • A change in the skin of the breast

How do I prepare for a mammogram?

  • Wear a 2 piece outfit for convenience
  • Do not wear talcum powder, perfume or deodorant, creams or lotion as it may be shown on the films and give artifacts
  • Bring along previous mammogram films if you have

When is the best time for a mammogram?

  • For women of child bearing age, 1 week after menstruation
  • For menopausal women, any time at the earliest convenience

X - ray

We provide general X–Ray investigations with our latest digital radiography system.